EDITORS NOTE: The following is an occasional column contributed by Ogdensburg native Marguerite (Peg) Cordwell Brown about her memories of growing up in St. Lawrence County. Peg, daughter of Vivian and Benjamin Cordwell, worked as a reporter for The Journal while she was a college student in the 1960s, and currently lives in Rhode Island where she is the director of development for Button Hole Golf Course and Learning Center, Providence. She hopes her column will serve as a reminder of a kinder, gentler time in the north country.
The Year: 1962
The Setting: 8:45 am. A mid-June morning that promises to turn muggy and warm before noon. The large study hall across from the Principals office at OFA. Two hundred plus open wooden desks anchored by black wrought iron legs to each other and the floor. A large raised platform at the front of the room, directly under the clock, with a teachers oak desk positioned squarely in the center. Large windows opened wide by teachers with long window poles (resembling spears) in anticipation of the rising temperatures both in and outside the room.
The Characters: OFA sophomores sitting in every other seat, each with two #2 pencils. Six or eight teachers as proctors walking around the study halls perimeter and up and down each aisle checking for any miscellaneous scraps of paper.
The Action: At exactly 9:00 am, Mr. Bill Plimpton, world history teacher, ceremoniously breaks the seal on a large brown envelope, reaches inside and removes The World History Regents Examination. There is no sound except the pop of the seal and an errant bird or two outside that doesnt know enough to pause at this dramatic moment. The moment is made even more dramatic because the same seals on the same type of envelopes are being broken in every high school in the State of New York.
As the proctors pass out the examination booklets, Mr. Plimpton scans the test. He looks a little concerned. We all find out why within secondsthe first ten questions on the Regents that year deal with architectureidentifying a Doric, Ionic or Corinthian column just for startersfollowed by questions on Romanesque, Gothic and Baroque architectures. Topics we never covered in any of our weekly preparation sessions spent reviewing years of past Regents exams bound in a little yellow book. And this is just the beginning of the multiple choice sectionwe havent yet dared to see what the essay questions might require that we never discussed. We have three hours to figure it out.
Rhode Island, like most of the countrys public educational systems, is embroiled in a contentious debate about the place that high stakes standardized tests should have in determining a students readiness to graduate from high school. In Rhode Island that high stakes test is the New England Common Assessment Program (NECAP). I will admit that as a product of the New York State Regents system, my early reaction to the debate was Whats the problem? But, as we have all learned, the debate is complicated by issues of poverty, diversity, language barriers, learning disabilities, and serious behavioral problemsto name just a few of the considerations included in the discussions.
A recent letter to the Editor of the Providence Journal came from a fellow New York State graduate who had received his high school diploma in 1963. He too cited his experience with Regents examinations that were given to validate proficiency in academic achievement. If you passed, you got a Regents Diploma signifying that you met state-expected standards.
I also dont remember a lot of angst on the part of our teachers (my Dad was one) that the Regents results would somehow be used exclusively to evaluate their worth as instructorsan argument that is being used today against the NECAP in RI.
Im not sure that any of my class members or our parents ever gave much thought to whether the Regents system was fair, whether preparing all year to take the Regents exam was the best way to spend class time or whether their sons or daughters were being unfairly labeled as Regents or Non-Regents students, thereby somehow limiting all of their life options, including employment opportunities, education and economic status. In addition to the classification as Regents or Non-Regents, there were students enrolled in business courses that crossed the line between Regents and Non-Regents and vocational students who undoubtedly made more money than all of us liberal arts types who spent a life-time hiring them to fix everything.
I dont remember the Regents with a lot of affection. The best part was that my Mother always made me a wine cooler (Mogen) David red wine, ginger ale and lemon), the night before each test to calm my nerves. I was also not the best test taker and most of the required Regents exams were in the math and science area, clearly not my strengths.
But the Regents exams were important; they qualified us for consideration for New York State Regents Scholarships (which, in my day, could only be used in-state). And they did earn us that Regents Diploma which was immediately filed and forgotten.
The exams also created some very special social moments. Several of our teachers would post the results of the examination in the back windows of George Hall Trade School. We hung around those windows, rehashing how we might have done, until those lists were scotch-taped in place. Teachers used a code system and didnt really list our names, but we always knew it was Jimmy Graves who got 100s on the math exams. Im fairly sure that the posting of Regents results doesnt happen todaybecause we seem to be reluctant to openly admit that some students do better than others. Our cumulative grade point averages were actually listed by name in the yearbook. The only objection I had to that was that the football player who always copied by American History homework actually had a better class rank than I did.
By the waythat World History RegentsI scored a 68 (65 was passing and Im sure my three point differential was a little subjective). It did not derail my life.
Authors notes: Carol Siri Johnson published a History of the New York State Regents Exams in December 2009. She points out that the first academic exit exam was administered in 1878 New York and it evolved into the controversial Regents subject matter exams. The controversy in New York over the Regents extends to the current day. A 2012 article in the New York Post points out that 2012 was the first year that students were required to pass all five current Regents exams: Global History, US History, Math, English and Living Environment (which I deduced to mean science). The debate is whether or not students in Career and Technical Education (CTE) should have to pass Global History, an exam that covers two years of study and which has the lowest pass rate. The Regents have decided that in 2013-2014 students in CTE programs may replace the Global History exam with a test that measures vocational skills or substitute an extra math, science or engineering based examination.
What is clearthe controversy that has been raging around the Regents Examinations for almost 140 years is far from overbut Im proud to be a product of the system.